Jonathan M. Daniels, a native of Keene, New Hampshire, was valedictorian of the VMI Class of 1961. He was awarded the prestigious Danforth Fellowship for post-graduate study and enrolled at Harvard University to continue his study of English literature. Daniels soon realized that he was called to the ministry. While a seminarian at the Episcopal Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts he responded to the pleas of Dr. Martin Luther King for clergy to become more actively involved in the Civil Rights movement, and traveled to Alabama to assist with voter registration efforts in the South. In August 1965 Daniels and 22 others were arrested for participating in a voter rights demonstration in Fort Deposit, Alabama, and transferred to the county jail in nearby Hayneville. Shortly after being released on August 20, Richard Morrisroe, a Catholic priest, and Daniels accompanied two black teenagers, Joyce Bailey and Ruby Sales, to a Hayneville store to buy a soda. They were met on the steps by Tom Coleman, a construction worker, and part-time deputy sheriff, who was carrying a shotgun. Coleman aimed his gun at sixteen year old Ruby Sales; Daniels pushed her to the ground in order to protect her, saving her life. The shotgun blast killed Daniels instantly; Morrisroe was seriously wounded. When he heard of the tragedy, Martin Luther King, Jr. said, "One of the most heroic Christian deeds of which I have heard in my entire ministry was performed by Jonathan Daniels." In the years since his death, Daniels' selfless act has been recognized in many ways. Two books have been written about his life, and a documentary was produced in 1999. The Episcopal Church added the date of his death to its Calendar of Lesser Feasts and Fasts, and in England's Canterbury Cathedral, Daniels name is among the fifteen honored in the Chapel of Martyrs.The VMI Board of Visitors voted in 1997 to establish the Jonathan M. Daniels '61 Humanitarian Award. The award emphasizes the virtue of humanitarian public service and recognizes individuals who have made significant personal sacrifices to protect or improve the lives of others. The inaugural presentation was made to President James Earl Carter in 2001; the second award was presented to Ambassador Andrew Young in 2006. In addition, one of only four named archways in the VMI Barracks is dedicated to Daniels, as is a memorial courtyard.
^ I just learned about Jonathon Daniels and his role in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. It is thanks to people like him, who gave up their lives, that racism and segregation were defeated (at least officially) in the US. ^
"Palestinian leaders call for suspension of recognition of Israel"
Palestinian leaders voted on Monday to call for the suspension of recognition of Israel in a move with potentially deep implications as they met in response to US President Donald Trump's declaration of Jerusalem as Israel's capital. hile withdrawing the Palestine Liberation Organisation's recognition of Israel could spark international backlash, it was unclear whether the vote was binding. A previous vote by the same Palestinian Central Council, a high-ranking arm of the PLO, in 2015 to suspend security coordination with Israel was never implemented. That vote was also reaffirmed on Monday. However, even if the move goes no further, the vote was another expression of Palestinian fury over Trump's Jerusalem declaration and what they see as the White House's attack on their long bid for statehood. On Sunday as he opened the meeting, Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas, who voted in favour of the suspension, called Trump's peace efforts the "slap of the century." The vote ordered the Palestine Liberation Organisation to suspend its recognition of Israel until it "recognises the state of Palestine", cancels its annexation of east Jerusalem and stops settlement activity, a statement said. The PLO is considered the official representative of the Palestinians internationally and formalised its recognition of Israel in 1993. In a statement, the delegates also backed comments on Sunday by Abbas that the Oslo peace accords of the early 1990s, which form the basis of the Palestinians' relations with Israel, were "finished." Abbas had said that Israel had ended the accords through its actions, referring to activities seen as eroding the possibility of a two-state solution such as persistent settlement building. There was no immediate Israeli reaction to the vote, but earlier Monday Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Abbas’s comments had “torn off” his “mask” as a supposed moderate. Hamas, the Palestinian Islamist movement that runs the Gaza Strip and does not recognise Israel, appeared to welcome the vote but said in a statement that the "real test" would be "to implement it effectively on the ground and put in place the necessary mechanisms." The rare meeting of the PCC was called after Trump's controversial December 6 recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Palestinians want the annexed eastern sector of the city as the capital of their future state, and Abbas has said Trump's stance means the United States can no longer be the mediator in peace talks with Israel. The US president has sought to bring Israel and the Palestinians back to the negotiating table, with talks stalled since 2014. Speaking late Sunday at the opening of the council, which brought together Palestinians from multiple political parties, Abbas told delegates: "We said 'no' to Trump, 'we will not accept your project'." "The deal of the century is the slap of the century and we will not accept it," the 82-year-old leader added, referring to Trump's pledge to reach the "ultimate deal". He instead called for an internationally mediated peace process. The Palestinians' relations with the US leadership have deteriorated rapidly since Trump's election. He came to power promising to lead the most pro-Israel administration in history, but also to pursue a peace deal. His envoys, including senior adviser and son-in-law Jared Kushner, had been shuttling between the two sides in search of common ground. But Trump also infuriated the Palestinians by refusing to commit to the idea of an independent Palestinian state, and recently threatened to cut hundreds of millions of dollars in US aid. The Jerusalem announcement prompted the Palestinians to freeze ties with the administration, and Abbas is expected to shun Vice President Mike Pence when he visits the region next week. On Sunday night, Abbas slammed the US ambassadors to Israel and the United Nations, David Friedman and Nikki Haley, calling them a "disgrace". Both Trump appointees have been strong supporters of Israel, with Friedman having backed Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank. An indignant Abbas also said that Trump had accused them of refusing to engage in peace negotiations.
"May God demolish your house. When did we refuse?" he said, using a common Arabic curse. He also said the Oslo accords that led to the creation of his Palestinian Authority and envisioned a final resolution to the conflict were in effect finished. "I am saying that Oslo, there is no Oslo. Israel ended Oslo," Abbas said. In response to Abbas's comments, the European Union said its position on the conflict remains "based on the Oslo accords". "A negotiated two-state solution which fulfils the aspirations of both sides, Israel and Palestine, is the only realistic way of bringing the lasting peace and security that both Israelis and Palestinians deserve," European Commission spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic told reporters in Brussels. France, which organised an international conference in support of the two-state solution a year ago, issued a similar reaction, while Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said Moscow "understands" Abbas's anger. "For years they made concessions without receiving anything in return," Lavrov said at an annual press conference in Moscow. "We constantly hear that the US is about to unveil an important deal that would satisfy all sides. We have not seen this kind of document."
^ The Palestinians in the West Bank continue their downward spiral to the old days - bombings, attacks and lawlessness. Those attacks didn't give the Palestinians any respect from the world and so going back to them will only isolate the Palestinians in the West Bank the same way the Palestinians in Gaza, who voted for the internationally-recognized terrorist group Hamas, have been for many years now. You would think that the Palestinians in both the West Bank and Gaza would work to change their strategies and work non-violently to gain their goals and world respect. ^
"Frequently Asked Questions About a Nuclear Blast"
With the recent threats of terrorism, many people have expressed concern about the likelihood and effects of a nuclear blast. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed this fact sheet to describe what happens when a nuclear blast occurs, the possible health effects, and what you can do to protect yourself in this type of emergency.
What is a nuclear blast?
A nuclear blast, produced by explosion of a nuclear bomb (sometimes called a nuclear detonation), involves the joining or splitting of atoms (called fusion and fission) to produce an intense pulse or wave of heat, light, air pressure, and radiation. The bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, at the end of World War II produced nuclear blasts. When a nuclear device is exploded, a large fireball is created. Everything inside of this fireball vaporizes, including soil and water, and is carried upwards. This creates the mushroom cloud that we associate with a nuclear blast, detonation, or explosion. Radioactive material from the nuclear device mixes with the vaporized material in the mushroom cloud. As this vaporized radioactive material cools, it becomes condensed and forms particles, such as dust. The condensed radioactive material then falls back to the earth; this is what is known as fallout. Because fallout is in the form of particles, it can be carried long distances on wind currents and end up miles from the site of the explosion. Fallout is radioactive and can cause contamination of anything on which it lands, including food and water supplies.
What are the effects of a nuclear blast?
The effects on a person from a nuclear blast will depend on the size of the bomb and the distance the person is from the explosion. However, a nuclear blast would likely cause great destruction, death, and injury, and have a wide area of impact. In a nuclear blast, injury or death may occur as a result of the blast itself or as a result of debris thrown from the blast. People may experience moderate to severe skin burns, depending on their distance from the blast site. Those who look directly at the blast could experience eye damage ranging from temporary blindness to severe burns on the retina. Individuals near the blast site would be exposed to high levels of radiation and could develop symptoms of radiation sickness (called acute radiation syndrome, or ARS). While severe burns would appear in minutes, other health effects might take days or weeks to appear. These effects range from mild, such as skin reddening, to severe effects such as cancer and death, depending on the amount of radiation absorbed by the body (the dose), the type of radiation, the route of exposure, and the length of time of the exposure. People may experience two types of exposure from radioactive materials from a nuclear blast: external exposure and internal exposure. External exposure would occur when people were exposed to radiation outside of their bodies from the blast or its fallout. Internal exposure would occur when people ate food or breathed air that was contaminated with radioactive fallout. Both internal and external exposure from fallout could occur miles away from the blast site. Exposure to very large doses of external radiation may cause death within a few days or months. External exposure to lower doses of radiation and internal exposure from breathing or eating food contaminated with radioactive fallout may lead to an increased risk of developing cancer and other health effects.
How can I protect my family and myself during a nuclear blast?
In the event of a nuclear blast, a national emergency response plan would be activated and would include federal, state, and local agencies. Following are some steps recommended by the World Health Organization if a nuclear blast occurs:
If you are near the blast when it occurs:
Turn away and close and cover your eyes to prevent damage to your sight.
Drop to the ground face down and place your hands under your body.
Remain flat until the heat and two shock waves have passed
If you are outside when the blast occurs:
Find something to cover your mouth and nose, such as a scarf, handkerchief, or other cloth.
Remove any dust from your clothes by brushing, shaking, and wiping in a ventilated area, however, cover your mouth and nose while you do this.
Move to a shelter, basement, or other underground area, preferably located away from the direction that the wind is blowing.
Remove clothing since it may be contaminated; if possible, take a shower, wash your hair, and change clothes before you enter the shelter.
If you are already in a shelter or basement:
Cover your mouth and nose with a face mask or other material (such as a scarf or handkerchief) until the fallout cloud has passed.
Shut off ventilation systems and seal doors or windows until the fallout cloud has passed. However, after the fallout cloud has passed, unseal the doors and windows to allow some air circulation.
Stay inside until authorities say it is safe to come out.
Listen to the local radio or television for information and advice. Authorities may direct you to stay in your shelter or evacuate to a safer place away from the area.
If you must go out, cover your mouth and nose with a damp towel.
Use stored food and drinking water. Do not eat local fresh food or drink water from open water supplies.
Clean and cover any open wounds on your body
If you are advised to evacuate:
Listen to the radio or television for information about evacuation routes, temporary shelter, and procedures to follow.
Before you leave, close and lock windows and doors and turn off air conditioning, vents, fans, and furnace. Close fireplace dampers.
Take disaster supplies with you (such as a flashlight and extra batteries, battery-operated radio, first aid kit and manual, emergency food and water, nonelectric can opener, essential medicines, cash and credit cards, and sturdy shoes).
Remember your neighbors may require special assistance, especially infants, elderly people, and people with disabilities.
Is a clear bomb the same as a suitcase bomb?
The "suitcase" bombs that have been described in new stories in recent years are small nuclear bombs. A suitcase bomb would produce a nuclear blast that is very destructive, but not as great as a nuclear weapon developed for strategic military purposes. A nuclear blast is different than a dirty bomb. A dirty bomb, or radiological dispersion device, is a bomb that uses conventional explosives such as dynamite to spread radioactive materials in the form of powder or pellets. It does not involve the splitting of atoms to produce the tremendous force and destruction of a nuclear blast, but rather spreads smaller amounts radioactive material into the surrounding area. The main purpose of a dirty bomb is to frighten people and contaminate buildings or land with radioactive material.
Would an airplane crash in a nuclear power plant have the same effect as a nuclear blast?
While a serious event such as a plane crash into a nuclear power plant could result in a release of radioactive material into the air, a nuclear power plant would not explode like a nuclear weapon. There may be a radiation danger in the surrounding areas, depending on the type of incident, the amount of radiation released, and the current weather patterns. However, radiation would be monitored to determine the potential danger, and people in the local area would be evacuated or advised on how to protect themselves.
Do I need to take potassium iodide (KI) if there is a nuclear blast
Local emergency management officials will tell people when to take KI. If a nuclear incident occurs, officials will have to find out which radioactive substances are present before recommending that people take KI. If radioactive iodine is not present, then taking KI will not protect people. If radioactive iodine is present, then taking KI will help protect a person's thyroid gland from the radioactive iodine. Taking KI will not protect people from other radioactive substances that may be present along with the radioactive iodine.
Where can I get more information?
For more information about radiation and emergency response, see the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's website at emergency.cdc.gov or contact the following organizations:
CDC at 800-CDC-INFO
World Health Organization, Radiation and Environmental Health Unit at www.who.int/ionizing_radiation/en
The Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors at 502-227-4543
The Environmental Protection Agency, Radiological Emergency Response Team
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Public Affairs can be contacted at 301-415-8200
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) can be reached at 202-646-4600
The Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site at 865-576-3131
The U.S. National Response Team
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at 800-DIAL-DOE
^ This has some good information on what people should do and shouldn't do if there ever was a nuclear attack. A lot has changed since the "duck and cover" of the 1950s-1960s and so we need to know the updated advice. I honestly don't believe there will ever be a nuclear attack on the US, but with the fake alarm in Hawaii recently people around the country are taking notice so I wanted to pass along what the government officials (the CDC) say you should do. ^
My British cell phone (that works anywhere in the world - except of course on my mountain) came today. Luckily I left the signed request on the door for them to leave it because Covi is not a good Early Warning System (kind of like Hawaii's.) The other day he was sitting on my bed with me, there was a knock on the door, he moved his head and looked at me before going back to watching TV a second later. Usually I have my headphones on while I am working and so don't hear the knock on the door or a car/truck coming up the mountain.
"2018 PyeongChang Paralympic Winter Games: What you need to know"
The 2018 Winter Paralympics will have 670 athletes from 80 countries. Compared to the Sochi Paralympics four years ago, the total number of athletes has increased from 539, and the number of female athletes has been upped by 44 percent.
When are the Winter Paralympics? The Winter Paralympics in PyeongChang, South Korea will be held March 9 to 18, 2018.
The Sports The sports at the 2018 Winter Paralympics in PyeongChang will include para Alpine skiing, Para Nordic (which includes both para biathlon and para cross-country skiing), para ice hockey, para snowboard, and wheelchair curling.
The Events Para Alpine events at the Winter Paralympics include the same events that are on the Olympic program: downhill, slalom, giant slalom, and super-G. There are visually impaired, sitting, and standing classification events in each for both men and women.Para Nordic skiing includes para cross-country skiing and para biathlon, which itself is a combination of skiing and shooting. Cross-country races can be 800m sprints or up to 20km, depending on the athletes’ class and gender. Para ice hockey consists of six-man teams propelling themselves on sleds using spikes and two hockey sticks. Games are three 15-minute periods and are played on Olympic-sized rinks. Para snowboard was under the para Alpine umbrella at the Sochi Olympics and only had one event: snowboard cross. Now, banked slalom is added to the PyeongChang Paralympic program. Athletes compete based on their classification. In snowboard cross, often abbreviated SBX, athletes get three runs down a course and their best run determines their placement in the head-to-head brackets. In banked slalom, athletes get three runs, and the fastest run determines the results. Wheelchair curling consists of co-ed teams playing six ends, with the possibility of overtime if the teams are tied. Athletes throw the stone, or use a stick, to get it as close as possible to the center of the target. There is no sweeping.
The Athletes Some Team USA athletes to know ahead of the Winter Paralympics are:- Aaron Pike -- Para Nordic - Amy Purdy -- Para Snowboarding' - Andrew Kurka -- Para Alpine Skiing -Brenna Huckaby -- Para Snowboardin -Danelle Umstead -- Para Alpine Skiing -Declan Farmer -- Para Sled Hockey -Evan Strong -- Para Snowboarding -Mike Schultz -- Para Snowboarding -Oksana Masters -- Para Nordic -Rico Roman -- Para Sled Hockey -Steve Cash -- Para Sled Hockey -Thomas Walsh -- Para Alpine Skiing
The Medals The medals for the PyeongChang Winter Paralympic athletes were inspired by the Hangeul (Korean characters), Hanbok (Korean traditional clothing), and the Hanok (Korean traditional house), as well as Korea’s unique culture. They were designed by Lee Suk-Woo, an industrial designer from Korea.The front of the medal features “Agitos,” the Paralympic emblem. The words “PyeongChang 2018” are carved in braille. Along the sides of the medal, the phrase “PyeongChang Paralympic Winter Games Two-Thousand-Eighteen” are carved in three dimensions. On the back of the medal, the name of the event and the PyeongChang Paralympic emblem are embossed.The medal’s strap is created with “gapsa technique,” the traditional Korean technique that is used for making Hanbok. The gauze-like fabric, or the gapsa, is translucent and light. It features a snowflake pattern.The case is made to mimic traditional Korean houses, but reinvented for the modern age.
The VenuesIn the mountain cluster, the Jeongseon Alpine Center will host para Alpine skiing and snowboard events. The Alpensia Biathlon Centre will put on the para Nordic skiing events, biathlon and cross-country skiing. In the coastal cluster, para ice hockey will be inside the Gangneung Hockey Centre and the Gangneung Curling Centre will host the wheelchair curling competition
.The Mascot“Bandabi” is the mascot for the 2018 Winter Paralympics. The mascot is an Asiatic black bear closely tied to South Korean mythology, culture, and folklore.The name Bandabi comes from “bandal” meaning “half-moon,” a symbol seen on the Asiatic black bear’s chest, and “bi” celebrates the Games themselves.
^ Here is a good overview of the 2018 Paralympic Games being held in March. ^
"When are the 2018 Winter Olympics? Full Olympic Games schedule & how to watch live"
The 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, are set to begin Thursday, Feb. 8. The 23rd Winter Games will be an exciting month of competition in sports like figure skating, hockey, curling and events you never knew existed. This will be South Korea's second time hosting the Olympics; the nation also hosted the 1988 Summer Games in Seoul.
Winter Olympics 2018 schedule
Here is a full schedule for the 2018 Winter Olympics, including dates and times for the Opening and Closing Ceremonies, complete event schedule and how to watch and stream live.
Opening and Closing Ceremonies
The Winter Olympics Opening Ceremony will begin at 8 a.m. ET on Friday, Feb. 9. The Closing Ceremony takes place at 8 a.m. ET on Sunday, Feb. 25.
How to watch
The 2018 Winter Olympics will be broadcast by NBC. You can watch most of its coverage on NBC or NBC Sports, but additional coverage will be on CNBC and USA Network. The network will have live-streaming coverage on NBCSports.com and NBCOlympics.com.The Olympic Channel makes its debut in 2018, and NBC will have 20 hours of Olympics coverage daily on it.
Winter Olympics schedule of events
Curling — Mixed doubles round robin
Ski Jumping — Qualification
Curling — Mixed doubles round robin
Figure Skating — Men's and pairs
Freestyle Skiing — Qualifying, men's and women's moguls
Biathlon — Women's 7.5 km sprint
Cross-Country Skiing — Women's 7.5km skiathlon
Curling — Mixed doubles round robin
Women's Hockey — Preliminary Round: Japan vs. Sweden, Switzerland vs. South Korea
Luge —Men's heat races
Short Track — Qualification: women's 3000m and 500m relay, men's 1500m
Ski Jumping — Normal hill
Snowboarding — Men's slopestyle qualifying
Speed Skating — Women's 3000m
Alpine Skiing — Men's downhill
Biathlon — Men's 10 km sprint
Cross-Country Skiing — Men's 15 km skiathlon
Curling — Mixed doubles round robin
Figure Skating — Short dance, ladies short program, pairs free skate
Freestyle Skiing — Women's moguls
Women's Hockey — United States vs. Finland, Canada vs. Olympic Athletes from Russia